Girlie Show, 1941 by Edward Hopper

Jo is modeled for all the women in Hopper's paintings. She also joined him in naming and fantasizing about the characters in his paintings. Thus she played a crucial role in the rich drama of his imagination, assisting him in transforming her image into one of his fantasy. A former actress, Jo enabled Edward to function like the director giving a favorite actress many roles to play. She also assisted him by shopping for the exact props he wanted to set up his pictures. For example, Jo could appear young or old, seductive or disinterested. The eroticism of Girlie Shoiv, a painting of a burlesque stripper with conical breasts and bright red nipples who teases her audience by waving a blue garment she has already removed, is both obvious and intentional. The preparatory sketches reveal how Hopper transformed Jo's petite form and aging features to that of the tall sultry redhead in the painting. Hopper, who must have identified with the male figures in the audience, shows this woman as desirable but untouchable, to be observed safely from a distance.

When asked why he selected certain subjects over others, Hopper replied: "I do not exactly know, unless it is that I believe them to be the best mediums for a synthesis of my inner experience. Great art is the outward expression of an inner life in the artist, and this inner life will result in his personal vision of the world. . . . The inner life of a human being is a vast and varied realm."